Terms of Use


  1. The copyrights of this Web site, together with all the data involved (henceforth, the “HKES data”), belong to the Hong Kong Election Study.
  2. The HKES data are free for non-commercial use. The HKES is not responsible for any loss or damage resulted from the use of the HKES data.
  3. Those who use the HKES data must provide proper citation. Our suggested citation is Stan Hok-Wui Wong, Harold D. Clarke, and Karl Ho. 2016. The Hong Kong Election Study [Datafile].
  4. The data in this Web site are free of virus, but not guaranteed. The HKES are not responsible for any damage or loss caused by data downloading in this Web site.